Lal Shahbaz Qalander

Syed SHAH HUSSAIN Marwandi or known as Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar (1177–1274) (Sindhi: لال شھباز قلندر), a Sayed Sufi. saint, philosopher, poet, and qalandar. Born Syed Hussain Shah, he belonged to the Suhrawardiyya order of Sufis

He preached religious tolerance among Muslims and Hindus. His mysticism attracted people from all religions. He was called Lal (red) after his usual red attire, Shahbaz due to his noble and divine spirit, and Qalandar for his Sufi affiliation. Many Hindus regard him as the incarnation of Bhrithari while others (Hindus from Sindh) consider him as an emanation of Jhule lal. Thousands of pilgrims visit his shrine in Sehwan every year, especially at the occasion of his Urs.

LifeShahbaz Qalandar (Syed Usman Marwandi) was born in Maiwand, Afghanistan to a dervish, Syed Ibrahim Kabiruddin whose ancestors had migrated from Baghdad and settled in Mashhad, a center of learning and civilization, before migrating again to Marwand. During his lifetime he witnessed the Ghaznavid and Ghurids rules in South Asia. A contemporary of Baha-ud-din Zakariya, Fariduddin Ganjshakar, Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari Surkh-posh of Uchch, Shams Tabrizi, Mehre Ali Shah Mast and Rumi, he travelled around the Muslim world and settled in Sehwan (Sindh, Pakistan) where he was eventually buried. Evidence shows that Shahbaz Qalander was in Sindh before 1196 when he met Pir Haji Ismail Panhwar of Paat. It is believed he arrived in Sehwan in 1251. He established a Khanqah there and taught in the Fuqhai Islam Madarrsah: during this period he wrote his treatises Mizna-e-Sart, Kism-e-Doyum, Aqd and Zubdah. In Multan Lal Shahbaz met Bahauddin Zachariah Multani of the Suhrwardiyya, Baba Farid Ganjshakar of the Chishtiyya and Makhdoom Jahanian Surkh Bukhari. Their friendship became legendary: they were known as Chahar Yar (Hindi and Persian = the four friends). According to some historians the four friends visited various parts of Sindh and Punjab in present day Pakistan. Saints of Sindh including Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, Makhdoom Bilawal and Sachal Sarmast were followers of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar. His dedication to the knowledge of various religious disciplines enabled him to eventually become a profound scholar. He became fluent in many languages including Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Sindhi and Sanskrit. He often quoted the teachings of Maulana Jalal ad-Din Rumi. Lal Shahbaz lived a celibate life. He died in 1274 after living 97 years.

(Neither the power of crowns and kings nor the might of armies equals the force of a Qalandar)

(I was utterly abashed by this word of the Qalandar: If you bow down before an alien, you will not only be physical whackled but also be deprived of your mind and soul)

(The world is pleased with my traits of a Qalandar otherwise I know that my verses and my poetry are not so appealing)

Bismi Allahi alrrahmani alrraheemi) (Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar(Radi Allahu Anhu) said:

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(Persian) Jam Mehr Ali Za Dar Dastam Baad Az Jam Khro Am Mastam Kamar Under Qalandari Bastam Az Dil Pak Haideri Hastam Haideriam Qalandaram Mastam Banda e Murtaza Ali Hastam

(Urdu)

Mainay Mohabat e Ali Ka Jam Peya Hay Jam e Aqal Kay Bad Is Nashay Main Mast Hon Mainay Qalandar Honay Per Kamar Kas Li Hay Main Dilo Jan Say Haideri Hon Main Haideri Qalandari Hon Janab e Ali Murtaza Ka Ghulam Hon

(Persian)

Ancha Dar Wasf Murtaza Guftam Baz Kol e Mustafa Guftam Harf Haq Ast Barshma Guftam Sarasar Barmala Guftam Haideriam

(Urdu)

Mainay Jo Kuch Shan e Ali Murtaza Main Kaha Hay Yeah Apni Taraf Say Nahi Keh Raha Balkay Farman e Mustafa Hay Mainay Jo Kuch Bhi App Say Beyan Keya Hay Yeh Sarasar Haq Hay Main Haideri Hon

(Persian)

Murtaza Sheir e Yazdan Hast Ali Shah Ali Walayat Aan Hast Ali Hazrat Hassan Hussain Jan Hast Ali Har Do Alam Key Namoneshan Hast Ali Haideriam

(Urdu)

Ali Murtaza Sheir e Yazdan Hain Un Ke Welayat Bohot Buland Hay Hazrat Hassan Hazrat Hussain Mula Ali Kay Dil Kay Tukray Hain Yeh Dono Shehzaday Apnay Baba Kay Wajood o Baqa Ke Alamat Hain Main Haideri Hon

(Persian)

Sargroh Tamam Renda Nam Rehbar Ashqan Mastanam Hadi e Salkan Arfanam Kay Sagay Kove Sheire Yazdanam Haideriam

(Urdu)

Hazrat Ali Murtaza Mujh Jaisay Ashqon Kay Rahbar Hain Woh Arfon, Salkon, Pairokaron Kay Hadi o Mula Hain Meray Leya Baais e Fakhar Hay Kay Main Shair e Yazdan Kay Kochay Ka Aik Kuta Hon Main Haideri Hon

(Persian)

Mun Braye Adaye Dein Kamar Bastam Bater Sad Man Ust Dard Sitam Katil Een Jamie Man Hastam Boo Halish Bood Mara Khawahish Har Zaman Ust Zakhanam Agahash Haideriam Qalandaram Mastam Banda e Murtaza Ali Hastam

(Urdu)

Mujhay Bahesht (Janat) Janay Ki Koi Lalach Nahi Hay Kionkay Main Usman Mula Ali Ki Dargha Ka Ghulam Hon Har Waqat Woh Meri Halat Say Agah Hain Jab Woh Meray Saath Mojood Hain Tu Mujhay Dar Kis Bat Ka Hay Main Haideri Qalandari Nasha Wala Main Mast Hon Main Janab e Ali Murtaza Ka Adni Ghulam Hon