Chorba

Chorba is one of various kinds of soup or stew found in national cuisines across the Balkans, North Africa, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Middle East and the Pakistan.
Spelling variants
Chorba or Shorba is variously derived from the Arabic word meaning gravy, or from a Persian term شوربا from shor (“salty, brackish”) and ba/ab, آب، ما (“water/stew”), or from a hypothetical cognate word common to Persian and Arabic.
Chorba is also called shorba (Persian: شوربا‎, Arabic: شوربة Amharic: ሾርባ), shorwa (Pashto: شوروا‎), ciorbă (Romanian), shurpa (Russian: шурпа), shorpa (Uyghur: شورپا, шорпа‎), çorba (Turkish, pronounced
[tʃoɾˈba]), shorpo (Kyrgyz: шорпо), and sorpa (Kazakh: сорпа). In the Indian subcontinent, the term shorba in Hindi (Hindi: शोरबा) simply means gravy, while in Urdu (Urdu: شوربہ‎) it may mean either gravy or soup.